ISO 45001:2018 Occupational Health and Safety

ISO 45001:2018 specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system, and gives guidance for its use, to enable organizations to provide safe and healthy workplaces by preventing work-related injury and ill health, as well as by proactively improving its OH&S performance.

ISO 45001:2018 is applicable to any organization that wishes to establish, implement and maintain an OH&S management system to improve occupational health and safety, eliminate hazards and minimize OH&S risks (including system deficiencies), take advantage of OH&S opportunities, and address OH&S management system nonconformities associated with its activities.

ISO 45001:2018 helps an organization to achieve the intended outcomes of its OH&S management system. Consistent with the organization's OH&S policy, the intended outcomes of an OH&S management system include:

  1. continual improvement of OH&S performance;
  2. fulfillment of legal requirements and other requirements;
  3. achievement of OH&S objectives.

ISO 45001:2018 is applicable to any organization regardless of its size, type and activities. It is applicable to the OH&S risks under the organization's control, taking into account factors such as the context in which the organization operates and the needs and expectations of its workers and other interested parties.

ISO 45001:2018 does not state specific criteria for OH&S performance, nor is it prescriptive about the design of an OH&S management system.

ISO 45001:2018 enables an organization, through its OH&S management system, to integrate other aspects of health and safety, such as worker wellness/wellbeing.

ISO 45001:2018 does not address issues such as product safety, property damage or environmental impacts, beyond the risks to workers and other relevant interested parties.

ISO 45001:2018 can be used in whole or in part to systematically improve occupational health and safety management. However, claims of conformity to this document are not acceptable unless all its requirements are incorporated into an organization's OH&S management system and fulfilled without exclusion.

What is ISO 45001?

ISO 45001 defines the requirements for a management system for OH&S management, as well as giving guidance on its use.

An ISO 45001 management system provides a framework to establish OH&S management policies, objectives, processes and governance, and facilitates an organization's achievement of its strategic goals. ISO 45001 utilizes a structured, effective, and efficient process that drives continual improvement for an organization's OH&S performance.

Note: This standard focuses on the need for a management system, not the management of specific types of hazards and risks.

Note: Today, many organizations use "OHSAS 18001 - Occupational health and safety management systems - Requirements" for minimum requirements for occupational health and safety management best practice. OHSAS 18001 will be withdrawn 3 years after the publication of ISO 45001.

Why is ISO 45001 important?

Meeting the requirements of the ISO 45001 standard can support organizations that are striving for a culture of proactive, continual improvement, and can drive an organization's effectiveness and efficiency in the realization of the highest levels of OH&S performance. It reflects the latest thinking and best practices in OH&S management.

Developing and implementing an OH&S management framework based on the ISO 45001 standard demonstrates to internal and external interested parties (e.g. workers, regulators, customers, investors, insurers) that the organization manages its risks and performance in a very effective and efficient manner.

Recognized globally, the ISO 45001 management standard will offer organizations a trustworthy framework enabling consistency in OH&S management practices. It aligns with other ISO management standards such as ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and ISO 31000, and can contribute to an organization's development of a coherent set of management practices across all facets of its operation.

Key benefits of adopting ISO 45001

An ISO 45001 based OH&S management system will enable an organization to improve its OH&S performance by:

  1. developing and implementing an OH&S policy and OH&S objectives
  2. establishing systematic processes which consider its “ context ” and which take into account its risks and opportunities, and its legal requirements and other requirements
  3. determining the hazards and OH&S risks associated with its activities; seeking to eliminate them, or putting in controls to minimize their potential effects
  4. establishing operational controls to manage its OH&S risks and its legal requirements and other requirements
  5. increasing awareness of its OH&S risks
  6. evaluating its OH&S performance and seeking to improve it, through taking appropriate actions
  7. ensuring workers take an active role in OH&S matters

In combination these measures will ensure that an organization’s reputation as a safe place to work will be promoted, and can have more direct benefits, such as:

  1. improving its ability to respond to regulatory compliance issues
  2. reducing the overall costs of incidents
  3. reducing downtime and the costs of disruption to operations
  4. reducing the cost of insurance premiums
  5. improving morale, as well as reducing absenteeism and employee turnover rates
  6. recognition for having achieved an international benchmark (which may in turn influence other interested parties, such as customers who are concerned about their social responsibilities)

Is ISO 45001 for me?

All organizations, public or private, for-profit and not-for-profit, small or large, will have hazards that can impact on health and safety.These can range from the more traditional items of mechanical or chemical hazards, to more modern issues such as the risks from nanoparticles or workplace stress. All can benefit from the use of an ISO 45001 compliant OH&S management system, which can be scaled to fit a particular organization's needs. Organizations aiming to improve their OH&S performance can leverage an OH&S management system that complies with an International Standard, for international recognition.

Who needs to be involved?

OH&S management is everyone’s business. It encompasses everyone in an organization, from the highest level down; including temporary as well as permanent workers; and visitors and neighbors. It also has to be across all departments and divisions in an organization, to ensure that they develop collaborative and engaging relationships between their functions.

To know more please visit (www.iso.org)